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Failure Mode & Effects Analysis (FMEA)

Failure Mode & Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a method for evaluating risk. Each potential failure mode is evaluated for:

S: the severity of the consequences if it does occur
O: the probability of occurrence
D: the probability of detection before shipping.

Each of these is rated on a scale from 1 to 10, and the three values multiplied to find the Risk Priority Number (RPN). If the RPN is above a specified threshold, action is taken to reduce it. The FMEA is often used as the basis for the 'Control' stage in a Six Sigma project.

See also Design Failure Mode and Effects Analysis, DFMEA.

 MiC Quality offers a Six Sigma Primer that will give you a solid introduction to Six Sigma. the primer includes many case studies drawn from real-life projects. Try out our courses by taking the first module of the Primer in Statistics free of charge.
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