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Long vs Short Term Process Capability

The Process Performance Indices Pp and Ppk are often referred to as 'long term' process capability measures. This is because the standard deviation used in their calculation is calculated using the 'Root Mean Square Error' (RMSE) method which is affected (inflated) by shifts in the process mean.

The Process Capability indices Cp and Cpk are referred to as 'short term' process capability measures because the standard deviation used in their calculation is calculated using the Range Method which is not affected by changes to the process mean.

There is much confusion and debate about the meaning of short and long term capability, so use these terms with care and be sure that everybody has the same understanding.

 Process Capability and Process Performance are covered in the MiC Quality course in Statistical Process Control. Try out our courses by taking the first module of the Primer in Statistics free of charge.
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